Authenticating SOAP Requests
Every non-anonymous request must contain authentication information to establish the identity of the principal making the request. In SOAP, the authentication information is put into the following elements of the SOAP request:
AWSAccessKeyId:Your AWS Access Key ID
Timestamp:This must be a dateTime (go to http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/#dateTime) in the Coordinated Universal Time (Greenwich Mean Time) time zone, such as
2006-01-01T12:00:00.000Z. Authorization will fail if this timestamp is more than 15 minutes away from the clock on Amazon S3 servers.
Signature:The RFC 2104 HMAC-SHA1 digest (go to http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2104.txt) of the concatenation of "AmazonS3" + OPERATION + Timestamp, using your AWS Secret Access Key as the key. For example, in the following CreateBucket sample request, the signature element would contain the HMAC-SHA1 digest of the value "AmazonS3CreateBucket2006-01-01T12:00:00.000Z":
For example, in the following CreateBucket sample request, the signature element would contain the HMAC-SHA1 digest of the value "AmazonS3CreateBucket2006-01-01T12:00:00.000Z":
<CreateBucket xmlns="http://doc.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <Bucket>quotes</Bucket> <Acl>private</Acl> <AWSAccessKeyId>1D9FVRAYCP1VJEXAMPLE=</AWSAccessKeyId> <Timestamp>2006-01-01T12:00:00.000Z</Timestamp> <Signature>Iuyz3d3P0aTou39dzbqaEXAMPLE=</Signature> </CreateBucket>
Authenticated SOAP requests must be sent to Amazon S3 over SSL. Only anonymous requests are allowed over non-SSL connections.
Due to different interpretations regarding how extra time precision should be dropped, .NET users should take care not to send Amazon S3 overly specific time stamps. This can be accomplished by manually constructing
For more information, see the sample .NET SOAP libraries for an example of how to do this.