ConfigurationDetails about how and where KeePass stores its configuration.
KeePass supports multiple locations for storing configuration information: the global configuration file in the KeePass application directory, a local user-dependent one in the user's private configuration folder, and an enforced configuration file in the KeePass application directory. The first one is called global, because everyone using this KeePass installation will write to the same configuration file (and possibly overwriting settings of other users). The second one is called local, because changes made to this configuration file only affect the current user.Configuration files are stored in INI format.
|Typical File Path
|C:\Program Files\KeePass Password Safe\KeePass.ini
|Windows Vista/7 Virtual Store
|C:\Users\User Name\AppData\Local\VirtualStore\Program Files\KeePass Password Safe\KeePass.ini
|User Application Data
|C:\Documents and Settings\User Name\Application Data\KeePass\KeePass.ini
|C:\Program Files\KeePass Password Safe\KeePass.enforced.ini
Installation by Administrator, Usage by User
If you use the KeePass installer and install the program with administrator rights, the program directory will be write-protected when working as a normal/limited user. KeePass will use local configuration files, i.e. save and load the configuration from a file in your user directory.
Multiple users can use the locally installed KeePass. Configuration settings will not be shared and can be configured individually by each user.
If you downloaded the portable version of KeePass (ZIP package), KeePass will try to store its configuration in the application directory. No configuration settings will be stored in the user directory (if the global configuration file is writable).
Create Portable Version of Installed KeePass
If you are currently using a locally installed version of KeePass (installed by the KeePass installer) and want to create a portable version of it, first copy all files of KeePass to the portable device. Then get the configuration file from your user directory (application data, see above) and copy it over the configuration file on the portable device.
For Network Administrators: Enforced Configuration
KeePass can be forced to load specific configuration settings. Enforced configuration
settings are loaded from
KeePass.enforced.ini (KeePass 1.x) and
(KeePass 2.x) files in the application directory (where
Configuration items that are not present in the enforced configuration file are loaded normally from global/local configuration files.
This method of course only is effective as long as your users run the KeePass installation on the network drive. If they copy KeePass to their hard drives and run it from there, the options you set are not enforced (the local KeePass installation doesn't know anything of the enforced configuration file on the network drive in this case).
This section explains in detail how loading and saving the configuration works.
When KeePass starts up and finds both global and local configuration files, it must
decide the order in which KeePass tries to get the configuration items.
This is controlled by the
PreferUserConfiguration flag in the global configuration
file. If it is not present, it defaults to false.
The flag is set to true in the global configuration file of the KeePass installer package. The portable ZIP package does not contain a configuration file, consequently the flag defaults to false.Loading:
- Try to get the configuration item from the enforced configuration file. If found, use this one.
- If the item is neither present in the global configuration file nor in the local one: use default value.
- If the item is present in the global configuration file, but not in the local one: use item from global configuration.
- If the item is present in the local configuration file, but not in the global one: use item from local configuration.
- If the item is present in the global and the local configuration file:
- If the
KeePreferUserConfigurationflag is True, use the item from the local configuration file, otherwise use the one of the global one.
- If the
- If the
KeePreferUserConfigurationflag is True, try to store the configuration item into the local configuration file. If this fails, try to store the item into the global configuration file. If this fails, report error.
- If the
KeePreferUserConfigurationflag is False, try to store the item into the global configuration file. If this fails try to store the item into the local configuration file. If this fails, report error.