Apache HTTP Server Version 2.4
Apache Module mod_auth_digest
|Description:||User authentication using MD5 Digest Authentication|
This module implements HTTP Digest Authentication
provides an alternative to
mod_auth_basic where the
password is not transmitted as cleartext. However, this does
not lead to a significant security advantage over
basic authentication. On the other hand, the password storage on the
server is much less secure with digest authentication than with
basic authentication. Therefore, using basic auth and encrypting the
whole connection using
mod_ssl is a much better
To use MD5 Digest authentication, configure the location to be protected as shown in the below example:
<Location "/private/"> AuthType Digest AuthName "private area" AuthDigestDomain "/private/" "http://mirror.my.dom/private2/" AuthDigestProvider file AuthUserFile "/web/auth/.digest_pw" Require valid-user </Location>
should list the locations that will be protected by this
Digest authentication was intended to be more secure than basic
authentication, but no longer fulfills that design goal. A
man-in-the-middle attacker can trivially force the browser to downgrade
to basic authentication. And even a passive eavesdropper can brute-force
the password using today's graphics hardware, because the hashing
algorithm used by digest authentication is too fast. Another problem is
that the storage of the passwords on the server is insecure. The contents
of a stolen htdigest file can be used directly for digest authentication.
mod_ssl to encrypt the whole connection is
mod_auth_digest only works properly on platforms
where APR supports shared memory.
|Description:||Selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hashes in digest authentication|
selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response
MD5-sessis not correctly implemented yet.
|Description:||URIs that are in the same protection space for digest authentication|
AuthDigestDomain directive allows
you to specify one or more URIs which are in the same protection
space (i.e. use the same realm and username/password info).
The specified URIs are prefixes; the client will assume
that all URIs "below" these are also protected by the same
username/password. The URIs may be either absolute URIs (i.e.
including a scheme, host, port, etc.) or relative URIs.
This directive should always be specified and contain at least the (set of) root URI(s) for this space. Omitting to do so will cause the client to send the Authorization header for every request sent to this server.
The URIs specified can also point to different servers, in which case clients (which understand this) will then share username/password info across multiple servers without prompting the user each time.
|Description:||How long the server nonce is valid|
controls how long the server nonce is valid. When the client
contacts the server using an expired nonce the server will send
back a 401 with
stale=true. If seconds is
greater than 0 then it specifies the amount of time for which the
nonce is valid; this should probably never be set to less than 10
seconds. If seconds is less than 0 then the nonce never
|Description:||Sets the authentication provider(s) for this location|
AuthDigestProvider directive sets
which provider is used to authenticate the users for this location.
file provider is implemented
mod_authn_file module. Make sure
that the chosen provider module is present in the server.
|Description:||Determines the quality-of-protection to use in digest authentication|
AuthDigestQop directive determines
the quality-of-protection to use.
only do authentication (username/password);
authentication plus integrity checking (an MD5 hash of the entity
is also computed and checked);
none will cause the module
to use the old RFC-2069 digest algorithm (which does not include
integrity checking). Both
be specified, in which the case the browser will choose which of
these to use.
none should only be used if the browser for
some reason does not like the challenge it receives otherwise.
auth-intis not implemented yet.
|Description:||The amount of shared memory to allocate for keeping track of clients|
AuthDigestShmemSize directive defines
the amount of shared memory, that will be allocated at the server
startup for keeping track of clients. Note that the shared memory
segment cannot be set less than the space that is necessary for
tracking at least one client. This value is dependent on your
system. If you want to find out the exact value, you may simply
AuthDigestShmemSize to the value of
0 and read the error message after trying to start the
The size is normally expressed in Bytes, but you
may follow the number with a
K or an
express your value as KBytes or MBytes. For example, the following
directives are all equivalent:
AuthDigestShmemSize 1048576 AuthDigestShmemSize 1024K AuthDigestShmemSize 1M