Security and Internet Functions

This chapter contains the security and internet functions provided by the Ring programming language for Hashing, Encryption & Decryption.

Before using the next function load the openssllib.ring library

load "openssllib.ring"
# Use OpenSSL functions
  • MD5()
  • SHA1()
  • SHA256()
  • SHA512()
  • SHA384()
  • SHA224()
  • Encrypt()
  • Decrypt()
  • Randbytes()

Before using the next function load the internetlib.ring library

load "internetlib.ring"
# Use the Internet functions
  • Download()
  • SendEmail()

MD5() Function

We can calculate the MD5 hash using the MD5() Function

Syntax:

MD5(cString) ---> String contains the MD5 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "md5('happy') = " + md5("happy") + nl +
    "md5('Hello') = " + md5("Hello") + nl

Output:

md5('happy') = 56ab24c15b72a457069c5ea42fcfc640
md5('Hello') = 8b1a9953c4611296a827abf8c47804d7

SHA1() Function

We can calculate the SHA1 hash using the SHA1() Function

Syntax:

SHA1(cString) ---> String contains the SHA1 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "sha1('hello') : " + sha1("hello") + nl +
    "sha1('apple') : " + sha1("apple") + nl

Output:

sha1('hello') : aaf4c61ddcc5e8a2dabede0f3b482cd9aea9434d
sha1('apple') : d0be2dc421be4fcd0172e5afceea3970e2f3d940

SHA256() Function

We can calculate the SHA256 hash using the SHA256() Function

Syntax:

SHA256(cString) ---> String contains the SHA256 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "sha256('hello') : " + sha256("hello") + nl +
    "sha256('apple') : " + sha256("apple") + nl

Output:

sha256('hello') : 2cf24dba5fb0a30e26e83b2ac5b9e29e1b161e5c1fa7425e73043362938b9824
sha256('apple') : 3a7bd3e2360a3d29eea436fcfb7e44c735d117c42d1c1835420b6b9942dd4f1b

SHA512() Function

We can calculate the SHA512 hash using the SHA512() Function

Syntax:

SHA512(cString) ---> String contains the SHA512 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "sha512('hello') : " + sha512("hello") + nl +
    "sha512('apple') : " + sha512("apple") + nl +
    "sha512('hello world') : " + sha512("hello world") + nl

Output:

sha512('hello') : 9b71d224bd62f3785d96d46ad3ea3d73319bfbc2890caadae2dff72519673c
a72323c3d99ba5c11d7c7acc6e14b8c5da0c4663475c2e5c3adef46f73bcdec043
sha512('apple') : 844d8779103b94c18f4aa4cc0c3b4474058580a991fba85d3ca698a0bc9e52
c5940feb7a65a3a290e17e6b23ee943ecc4f73e7490327245b4fe5d5efb590feb2
sha512('hello world') : 309ecc489c12d6eb4cc40f50c902f2b4d0ed77ee511a7c7a9bcd3ca8
6d4cd86f989dd35bc5ff499670da34255b45b0cfd830e81f605dcf7dc5542e93ae9cd76f

SHA384() Function

We can calculate the SHA384 hash using the SHA384() Function

Syntax:

SHA384(cString) ---> String contains the SHA384 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "sha384('hello') : " + sha384("hello") + nl +
    "sha384('apple') : " + sha384("apple") + nl +
    "sha384('hello world') : " + sha384("hello world") + nl

Output:

sha384('hello') : 59e1748777448c69de6b800d7a33bbfb9ff1b463e44354c3553bcdb9c666fa
90125a3c79f90397bdf5f6a13de828684f
sha384('apple') : 3d8786fcb588c93348756c6429717dc6c374a14f7029362281a3b21dc10250
ddf0d0578052749822eb08bc0dc1e68b0f
sha384('hello world') : fdbd8e75a67f29f701a4e040385e2e23986303ea10239211af907fcb
b83578b3e417cb71ce646efd0819dd8c088de1bd

SHA224() Function

We can calculate the SHA224 hash using the SHA224() Function

Syntax:

SHA224(cString) ---> String contains the SHA224 hash of the string cString

Example:

see "sha224('hello') : " + sha224("hello") + nl +
    "sha224('apple') : " + sha224("apple") + nl +
    "sha224('hello world') : " + sha224("hello world") + nl

Output:

sha224('hello') : ea09ae9cc6768c50fcee903ed054556e5bfc8347907f12598aa24193
sha224('apple') : b7bbfdf1a1012999b3c466fdeb906a629caa5e3e022428d1eb702281
sha224('hello world') : 2f05477fc24bb4faefd86517156dafdecec45b8ad3cf2522a563582b

Encrypt() Function

We can use the Encrypt() function to encrypts the data using the Blowfish algorithm.

Syntax:

Encrypt(cString, cKey, cIV) ---> Encrypted string

Decrypt() Function

We can use the Decrypt() function to decrypt the data encrypted using the Encrypt() function.

Syntax:

Decrypt(cCipher, cKey, cIV) ---> Decrypted string

Encryption and Decryption Example

The next example demonstrates how to use the Encrypt() and Decrypt() functions.

These functions use the Blowfish algorithm.

See "Enter a string : " give cStr
list = 0:15  cKey=""    for x in list cKey += char(x) next
list = 1:8   cIV = ""   for x in list cIV += char(x) next
cStr = Encrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV)
See "Cipher Text    : " + cStr + nl +
    "Plain Text     : " + Decrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV) + nl

We can write the same example using normal for loop

See "Enter a string : " give cStr

cKey=""                         # 16 bytes
for x = 0 to 15
        cKey += char(x)
next

cIV = ""
for x = 1 to 8
        cIV += char(x)
next


cStr = Encrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV)
See "Cipher Text    : " + cStr + nl +
    "Plain Text     : " + Decrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV) + nl

Also we can write the password and the IV directly using strings

See "Enter a string : " give cStr

# Note: Don't use simple password in real applications!
cKey = "[email protected]#$%^&"
cIV  = "87654321"

cStr = Encrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV)
See "Cipher Text    : " + cStr + nl +
    "Plain Text     : " + Decrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV) + nl

File Hash

The next example demonstrates how to calculate the hash functions for files

cStr = read("myapp.exe")
see "Size : " + len(cStr) + nl +
    "md5 : " + md5(cStr) + nl +
    "sha1 : " + sha1(cStr) + nl +
    "sha256 : " + sha256(cStr) + nl +
    "sha224 : " + sha224(cStr) + nl +
    "sha384 : " + sha384(cStr) + nl +
    "sha512 : " + sha512(cStr) + nl

Output:

Size : 58079876
md5 : 762eee15d8d2fd73b71ea52538b28667
sha1 : 9212c0c7258bad89a62bd239e1358a9276a9d070
sha256 : 7d6724e69b6c553da749ba31b6185dddc965129b64d9e9bf3de88f67df3b1cdc
sha224 : 5a9c8a7d662bce4f880ba94f90a79362b672528b9efd5abc718c7a3d
sha384 : 18e23f973abedbeb3981c423f12aeadecf96f9c6fb28aeabe3be4c484f8540afcc3861b
b370ce2b59cf3c99c130b856b
sha512 : da3d5e997d06f8b2a7a9964b77f7d82eedb76b245c611082c1639f83f51d83880bcd08f
cd53dcab1167bdca0b82fec5071971ac17c76479d76985ced4ab0d18e

Randbytes() Function

We can generate a string of pseudo-random bytes using the Randbytes() function.

Syntax:

Randbytes(nSize) ---> String contains random bytes (bytes count = nSize)

Example:

salt =  randbytes(32)
password = "[email protected]$%123"
see salt + nl
see sha256("test" + salt) + nl

Download() Function

Syntax:

Download(cURL) ---> String contains the server response

Example:

cStr= download("http://doublesvsoop.sourceforge.net/")
see cStr
write("download.txt",cStr)

SendEmail() Function

Syntax:

SendEmail(cSMTPServer,cEmail,cPassword,cSender,cReceiver,cCC,cTitle,cContent)

Example:

See "Send email..." + nl
sendemail("smtp://smtp.gmail.com:587",
        "[email protected]",
        "password",
        "[email protected]",
        "[email protected]",
        "[email protected]",
        "Sending email from Ring",
        "Hello
         How are you?
         Are you fine?
         Thank you!
         Greetings,
         Mahmoud")
see "Done.." + nl