19.1.11. email.errors: Exception and Defect classes
The following exception classes are defined in the email.errors module:
- exception email.errors.MessageError
- exception email.errors.MessageParseError
- exception email.errors.HeaderParseError
Situations where it can be raised include finding an envelope header after the first RFC 2822 header of the message, finding a continuation line before the first RFC 2822 header is found, or finding a line in the headers which is neither a header or a continuation line.
- exception email.errors.BoundaryError
Situations where it can be raised include not being able to find the starting or terminating boundary in a multipart/* message when strict parsing is used.
- exception email.errors.MultipartConversionError
Raised when a payload is added to a Message object using add_payload(), but the payload is already a scalar and the message’s Content-Type main type is not either multipart or missing. MultipartConversionError multiply inherits from MessageError and the built-in TypeError.
Since Message.add_payload() is deprecated, this exception is rarely raised in practice. However the exception may also be raised if the attach() method is called on an instance of a class derived from MIMENonMultipart (e.g. MIMEImage).
Here’s the list of the defects that the FeedParser can find while parsing messages. Note that the defects are added to the message where the problem was found, so for example, if a message nested inside a multipart/alternative had a malformed header, that nested message object would have a defect, but the containing messages would not.
All defect classes are subclassed from email.errors.MessageDefect, but this class is not an exception!
NoBoundaryInMultipartDefect – A message claimed to be a multipart, but had no boundary parameter.
StartBoundaryNotFoundDefect – The start boundary claimed in the Content-Type header was never found.
CloseBoundaryNotFoundDefect – A start boundary was found, but no corresponding close boundary was ever found.
New in version 3.3.
FirstHeaderLineIsContinuationDefect – The message had a continuation line as its first header line.
MisplacedEnvelopeHeaderDefect - A “Unix From” header was found in the middle of a header block.
MissingHeaderBodySeparatorDefect - A line was found while parsing headers that had no leading white space but contained no ‘:’. Parsing continues assuming that the line represents the first line of the body.
New in version 3.3.
MalformedHeaderDefect – A header was found that was missing a colon, or was otherwise malformed.
Deprecated since version 3.3: This defect has not been used for several Python versions.
MultipartInvariantViolationDefect – A message claimed to be a multipart, but no subparts were found. Note that when a message has this defect, its is_multipart() method may return false even though its content type claims to be multipart.
InvalidBase64PaddingDefect – When decoding a block of base64 enocded bytes, the padding was not correct. Enough padding is added to perform the decode, but the resulting decoded bytes may be invalid.
InvalidBase64CharactersDefect – When decoding a block of base64 enocded bytes, characters outside the base64 alphebet were encountered. The characters are ignored, but the resulting decoded bytes may be invalid.